The countries most affected by the effects of climate change will be low-lying countries that are particularly vulnerable to sea-level rise and developing countries that do not have the resources to adapt to changes in temperature and precipitation. But rich countries like the United States are also increasingly vulnerable. In fact, several million Americans — especially children, the elderly, and the poor — are already suffering from the wrath of climate change. Although both the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement aim to combat climate change, there are important differences between them. The agreement states that it would only enter into force (and thus become fully effective) if 55 countries that account for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015) ratify, accept, approve or accede to the agreement.   Am 1. In April 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40 percent of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris Climate Agreement.   175 Contracting Parties (174 States and the European Union) signed the Agreement on the first day of its opening for signature.   On the same day, more than 20 countries published a memorandum of understanding to accede as soon as possible in order to accede in 2016. With its ratification by the European Union, the agreement received enough parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. The EU is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. He was instrumental in negotiating the Paris Agreement and continues to demonstrate global leadership.
(a) To keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to endeavour to limit the increase in temperature to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change; At the 2015 Paris conference, where the agreement was negotiated, developed countries reaffirmed their commitment to mobilize $100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020 and agreed to continue to mobilize $100 billion a year in financing by 2025.  The commitment refers to the already existing plan to provide $100 billion per year in assistance to developing countries for climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.  It will also allow the Parties to progressively increase their contributions to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the Agreement. Specific outcomes of the increased focus on adaptation financing in Paris include the announcement by G7 countries that they will provide $420 million for climate risk insurance and the launch of a Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative.  In 2016, the Obama administration awarded a $500 million grant to the Green Climate Fund as “the first part of a $3 billion commitment made at the Paris climate negotiations.”    So far, the Green Climate Fund has received more than $10 billion in pledges. Remarkably, the commitments come from industrialized countries such as France, the United States and Japan, but also from developing countries such as Mexico, Indonesia and Vietnam.  The Paris Agreement reflects the collective belief of almost every nation in the world that climate change is humanity`s war, exposing America`s climate skeptics – including Trump – as global outliers. .